novel methods for splitting, organizing, & transcribing interviews (podcasting)

it may not be the first choice people think of for podcast production software, but there is no daw as flexible, fast, or intuitive as ableton live for any kind of audio work. when creating a podcast, interviews are usually at the core of creating a strong piece & it's essential you have some means of keeping these organized so you can find & pull out tape as it's required in your production. typical professional practice involves transcribing & time coding the whole thing but this can be extremely time consuming when you're working fast on your own without staff. here instead I present my idiot-proof method for organizing interviews in a fast & highly useable way. 

chopping up the interview

typically, interviews will range between 45 min to an hour & a half which is totally unmanageable to seek through. coming from a music production side, I tend to prefer to work from smaller samples & the same philosophy can be applied to podcasts. quick note before we begin - make sure "warp" is turned off in your clip, especially if you imported the audio.

start by just listening through & cutting every time the subject changes - this usually happens between questions but occasionally the interviewee will diverge topics in their responses. click on the clip's waveform to place the insert marker where you want to cut & use the key command cmd + e to split the it there.

"warp" decouples your audio's pitch & speed. this could result in distortions in your interview, so make sure it gets turned off

"warp" decouples your audio's pitch & speed. this could result in distortions in your interview, so make sure it gets turned off

splitting & renaming clips in ableton live for podcasts

after that, select the new clip by clicking on the color bar above the waveform & press cmd + r to rename it. start with a sequential number (1. , 2. , 3. , etc.) so you can keep everything in proper order later. when you name it you'll want to make sure it's brief but descriptive of the contents for quick reference.

time-wise, a general rule of thumb to go by is to not cut a clip shorter than 30 seconds or longer than about 2 minutes. there are exceptions to this, as with anything, but the point is to cut the interview down to digestible components. 

clip collection

once everything is split in the project you need to collect them into files. it's in no way a daunting process - simply highlight all the clips, right click, & select "crop clip(s)." this will commit the size & names you've assigned to each clip.

crop clips ableton live podcasting

now look over at the browser & find "current project" in the sidebar. navigate through the folders: samples -> processed -> crop. et voila, here's your interview, chopped & labeled.

browser ableton live podcasting

finally, right click the crop folder & select "show in finder" from the context menu. from here, you can drag the folder to wherever it will live - a flash drive, documents folder, wherever - & rename it to something more useful than "crop."

loose transcription

we have to listen more or less in real time, but reading & scanning can be non-linear which works much faster. therefore, putting text to your audio is massively helpful when seeking out tape as you put your story together. how you go about doing this exactly isn't a perfect science, but here's how I like to do it: 

open up the folder you put the clips in & you'll see there are two files for every subject. this is because ableton creates an .asd analysis file to help it keep track of what's in the audio file but you won't need these. the quickest method for getting them out of the way is to just "arrange by kind".

next, load up your favorite word processor & put it side-by-side with your clip list. type out all of the clip names & leave a bit of space between them - a paragraph or two will do.

"arrange by kind" will sort the .asd from the audio files.

"arrange by kind" will sort the .asd from the audio files.

now you'll want to open your clips in quicktime. if this isn't the default application for the file type, right click & select it from the "open with" sub menu. I like to just pull them up at once so I don't have to worry about doing a lot clicking & opening.

play each clip & type what you hear as fast as you can. don't worry about typing everything or spelling correctly, just grab key phrases & put down as much as you can. start a new line for every new idea. if you encounter an extended pause, denote this with "--" on its own line. 

transcription podcast ableton live

it's not beautiful, but this should give you enough to work with when you need to find ideas in your tape. what I've found is transcription is a classic case of diminishing returns - more & more effort yields less & less usefulness as you approach completion. it's the kind of thing you'll need to find your own comfort level with - if you can spend half the time to get 90% of the utility of a full transcription, is it worth it to you to double your effort to get the last 10%? as you work, you'll figure out what you need in your tape reference that's helpful to you.

better transcription - alternative

if you require a complete transcription or aren't a very fast typer, ableton once again offers the solution. select all of your clips & turn on warp. now you can lower the tempo (in the upper left corner). this will slow down the audio, giving you more time to type. another useful tool - select any clip & use the shortcut cmd + l to loop it, letting you listen to the selection over & over until you get everything down.

essential tools & tricks for playing live with ableton live

it's called live for a reason. ableton opens the digital world of loops, midi soft synths, consolidated analog routing, & real-time processing to on-the-fly manipulation, making it the perfect tool to bring your music to life on stage. in this article I'll detail some of my favorite well-used & lesser-known tricks that I consider essential for playing live in a live scenario.

switchable, useable crossfader

even veteran live users have ignored the crossfader - "useful for dj's sure, but we have to manage tens of tracks & no a/b in this world will help with that." other than a few niche uses, this the standard mindset is that the crossfade can largely stay hidden in session view without missing out on much. I felt very much the same way until recently when I found the excellent xfademap maxforlive device. normally, mapping the crossfade assign will only allow your controller to cycle through the assignments (requiring multiple clicks to move between them, far too much a hassle to keep track of in a busy live performance). xfademap works around this, giving you direct access to a track's a/b assignment. here's how I like to take advantage:

midi mapping crossfader
  • duplicate your track & group the original & newly created one
  • make alterations to every clip in the duplicated track to create "associated" clips; could be a sparser arrangement, a transposed version, a double time loop - just some variation.
  • put the xfademap on each track in the group
  • map a button on a midi controller to "A" on the first track & map the same button to "B" on the other
  • mute the B track & also map the mute control to the same button as the above step
  • finally, collapse the group & treat it like a single track - put effect chains on the group & launch your clips together from the group.
midi mapping crossfader ableton live

everything functions as it normally would except with a press of a button your clips become "transformable." for any track you engage this option, the crossfader now lets you move between the original clip & a custom, pre-planned variation. the beauty is you can turn this on & off for any number of tracks & crossfader movements won't affect those that are turned off.

loop based music usually has very limited improvisational opportunities, but using this technique every performance can be unique & fresh yet still locked into your original vision. play around with what your associated clips in B do until it feels like a worthy option. bonus points for incorporating post-fader sends & returns into your B tracks.

non-destructive clip transposition

in my article on midi mappable clip controls, I mentioned the usefulness of controlling clip transposition. in a live scenario, I love to map it to my keyboard's pitchbend so that whatever I do to the clip, it will always reliably snap back to zero when I'm done. this makes quick improvisational transitions a breeze - you can build tension by raising the pitch or drop your loop right into a drop without having to worry about paying it much attention to get it back to normal afterward.

midi map pitchbend to audio clip ableton live

mapping the transposition knob will give you control over whatever clip is currently selected so you'll want to be aware of what that is whenever you use it. 

turn off the instruments you aren't using

when playing live, low latency is critical so CPU usage comes at a premium. if your set contains a lot of devices you switch between, it's important to remember they will draw processing power even if they are set to 100% dry. if you need to conserve memory, try mapping the on/off of CPU-sucking devices to their dry/wet knob via a macro:

macro knob turn off device live

this will bypass the signal as before, but the device will not need to be "on" & drawing power. ableton's native audio devices are generally very processor-friendly, but this trick can be indispensable when handling multiple instruments, especially the external vst variety.

snap to device

this is another classic. using this technique in combination with a good midi controller & a matching control surface will expand its usage, effectively giving you infinite banks/pages for your knobs. it's simple enough, just click the device or group title when in midi map mode to assign a control to it.

midi map device selection ableton live snap to device

when I press the button I midi mapped to the device selection, that device immediately becomes the focus of my control surface, regardless of where I was in my set. in this way, I can label a button on my controller as "drum rack" or "vocal effects" & reliably call up the controls for those things with a single press. I especially like using this with the apc40's endless encoders because they will update their position to the new selection, making swaps between devices completely seamless.

launch but don't stop

scenes are a fantastic tool - it would otherwise be impossible to launch all the clips we want to at one time, whether because our hands don't stretch far enough or we are otherwise preoccupied in the middle of our set. when launching multiple clips, however, we don't always want the currently playing loops to change or stop. this is where removing the stop button becomes handy.

how to remove stop buttons ableton live tutorial

it's a simple option in the context menu that can have powerful effects - you can still start up bunches of clips with a single button press but you selectively allow the important ones to play through. notice my drum loop in scene 5 doesn't stop when I launch scene 6 because the stop button wasn't included in that scene.

fills with follow actions

in loop music in particular, a fill will break up the monotony & perk your audience's ears, cueing them to an upcoming change of some sort. it's very possible that at the end of the fill you'll need to be doing something important - playing an instrument, for example - & you won't be able to be bothered with launching the original loop. in these cases, follow actions are your friend.

create a fill launch clip ableton live

set the follow action to last as long as you want the fill to be & point it in the direction of the loop you want to return to. that's basically all there is to it - you don't need to worry about anything after that because its all taken care of by the automatic process set in the launch section.

there's much more to follow actions & launch modes than I have room to cover here, but it's also worth mentioning using them in combination with removed stops & dummy clips (blank clips) will let you launch fills across multiple tracks with the scene launch buttons. notice how quick this is to set up: select the scene, remove stops (which will remove all of them at once), & edit the follow actions (again, changing all the selections at once). with just a few clicks, you can set up multi-clip fills in your set.

dummy clips remove stop ableton live

thanks for reading, hope you learned a trick or two for your next set! follow me on the twitter or the facebook or something for more tips!

the complete animated, annotated guide to ableton live shortcuts

I'm a massive proponent of keyboard shortcuts - there are few ways to better instantly improve your workflow & it is worth learning as many as you can for any program you use regularly. in this guide for live, each key combination is associated with an animation & brief thoughts on its usefulness to clearly show how & when to use them. note also I've followed the structure set by the official ableton live manual's section on shortcuts & have organized accordingly.

click here for a permalink to the guide to bookmark or save for future reference.

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